Showing prefereneces ~たい、好き are used as adjectives

When you want to show a preference, or a desire to do something you have two options.

1) VERB +たい form
 買う ⇒ 買いたい
 食べる ⇒ 食べたい
 見る ⇒ 見たい
2) show your likings for a noun or an action with ”好き(です)”
 XXX が 好き

Interesting part of the sentence is that when the following 2 sentences POLITE (1) VERB +たい form and 2) show your likings for a noun or an action with ”好き(です)”) you will be using “です”。

買う ⇒ 買いたいです。
食べる ⇒ 食べたいです。
見る ⇒ 見たいです。

YYYが好き です。

Usually です is used after a noun or an adjective, so you can see that both VERBS conjugated into ~たい form, and the word ”好き” are both treated as adjectives. You can not use ます like most other verbs, therefore it is safe to say that verbs used for showing preferences and likings are treated like nouns.


どうぞ(douzo) vs. どうも(doumo)


they are one of the most useful phrases to learn in Japanese. They are both polite and both in a rather affirmative tone.

どうぞ meaning “please” in a tone much like “(Please) I insist”.
this is used when you are making any kind of offerings…. this could be a food item, a spot on the que, or allowing someone to speak English with you (although the thing YOU want to do is practice JAPANESE with them… but that’s another story…)

どうも meaning “Hi/yeah/thank you” it’s more like a sound of acknowledgement…
you can use it, basically when you want to say “thank you” or just a simple “hey”, but it has a fairly polite tone to it.

This 2 have the same initial sounds, but don’t get them mixed up.


How do you respond to いらっしゃいませ?

Something that really terrifies a lot of Japanese learners is mannerism upon entering a restaurant. There are many things to pay attention to when you are entering a Japanese restaurant

So what’s the first you thing you hear when you enter a store?

The phrase you’re most likely to hear is

いらっしゃいませー! (irasshaimase … or “welcome” )

So in other countries and cultures it is more customary to say something back. In this situation, you’re inclined to say something like “ありがとうございます” but this is actually a little awkward…

These are the 3 things you would like to say when you’ve entered the building in response to your “いらっしゃいませ” you get from the store clerk/master.

1. 御免下さい (gomen kudasai…. “allow me to come in”)
2. どうも~ (doumo– … “hi/thanks/hello”)
3. こんにちは~(konnichiwa — … “good afternoon”)

in the above phrase, you would most likely pay attention to 2.どうも. this phrase is actually used most frequently in the recent years. It is actually a very mild or “neutral tone” phrase that is applicable to most situation. It’s a sound of “acknowledgement”.

Having the above phrases in mind, it’s about time you give it a try at your next visit to the restaurant.



Random Notes (session: 11/30)

別に not really.. (slang)

hopefully soon 近いうちに。。。

八時(はちじ) eight o’clock

前(mae)より 今(ima)の方(hou)が 

なぜか。。。 for some reason…
なぜ why

★どれくらい about how much

たぶん probably


時間(じかん) time

彼女は 行きたい です。 

麺(めん) noodle
嫌い(きらい) distaste
和菓子(わがし) japanese snacks

とか such
あんこ red bean paste



来た+ら if you come

if you come


SNS(es enu esu)

SNS = acronym for “social networking services”

In rest of the world, this is something that is normally referred to as “social media”, therefore services like Facebook, Instagram, etc…

A must for when you want to make friends in Japan.


お大事に! Get well soon

When you want to tell someone who is sick to get better, the phrase you want to use is

お大事に! (odaijini)

The point here is that you say this as a farewell to someone who is not in their well-being, or temporary injured at the point.
Some people confuse this with phrases like 

お気をつけて (okiwotsukete) Take care, have a safe trip

おやすみなさい(Oyasumi nasai) good night.
Please make sure to get these right!


何時(nanji) = Whattime (and not “what time”)

The word for asking “what time” is 何時(なんじ、nanji)。

But people usually confuse this with the word “time” which is 時間(じかん、ikan)

This is because you have phrases like、

今日の ご飯の 準備の 時間は 何時 ですか?
kyou-no gohan-no jyunbi-no jikan-wa nanji desuka?

But actually you can simply the sentence by omitting the word “time” or 時間(じかん、jikan)

今日の ご飯の 準備    は 何時 ですか?
kyou-no gohan-no jyunbi wa nanji desuka?

You see the difference? This understanding actually comes from the fact that in english (and other latin languages) the word “time” is classified or modified by the word “what”, becoming a ‘phrase’ of “what time”. However in japanese, as you can combine two or more kanji characters to make a new word, the word “何時(なんじ、nanji) sounds like ‘one word’ to an foreign ear. Therefore, when you compare it to a language like english where you would ‘modify’ the word “time” with the word “what” to create a ‘phrase’ called ‘what time’ or in literal japanese “time of what”

Another way to think is to treat the japanese 何(なん、nan *note that 何 alone is pronounced なに、nani) like prefixes in Englsih. It’s also a sign that where it is pronounced like 何(なん,nan) instead of 何(なに、nani), it will work much like a prefix in a word “what-time”, thus therefore, as the title of this post says “whattime”…



by the way, in any case

#use it for a relevant topic, or to bring up something important that should be talked about

ところで 今日の 授業は 何時 ですか?
(tokorode kyou-no jugyou-wa nannji desuka?)
By the way, what time is today’s class (being held)

ところで 明日の 祭りは どこで 行いますか?
(tokorode ashita-no matsuri-wa doko-de okonaimasuka?)
In any case, (at) where is tomorrow’s festival going to be held?




by way…

similar phrase: